The Section 8 program is the federal governments
major program for assisting very low-income families, the elderly, and people
with disabilities in affording decent, safe, and sanitary housing in the private
market. Since housing assistance is provided on behalf of the family or
individual, participants are able to find their own housing, including single
family homes, apartments, and townhouses. The participants can choose any
housing that meets the requirements of the program, and, is not limited to units
located in subsidized housing projects.
Section 8 is administered in your area by your public housing agency (PHA). The
PHA receives federal funds from HUD to administer Section 8. Once someone has
been approved for Section 8, it is their responsibility to find suitable housing
where the Landlord agrees to rent under the programs guidelines. The units must
meet minimum standards of health and safety, as determined by the PHA inspector.
A housing subsidy is paid to the landlord directly by the PHA on behalf of the
participating person or family. The person or family then pays the difference
between the actual rent charged by the Landlord.
Note: The Landlord never gets involved in the
process of establishing eligibility of tenants. This has already been determined
before they call you.
- How can I list my property through Section
You can list your property for free by contacting your local housing agency,
which will take down information on the property and who the contact person
is. Once you have listed the property, the information will be provided to
any Voucher holder looking for a property of that particular size and price.
After a certain period, the housing agency may purge the property from its
list. However, you are encouraged to notify the housing agency when the
property has been rented so that you do not continue receiving calls.
- How much rent can I expect from my
You determine the asking price for the unit. However, the rent must be
reasonable compared to other units of similar location, quality, size, type,
and age. If the rent is not reasonable to similar units, you may be asked to
lower it to accommodate the tenant interested in moving into the property.
Should you rent your property through Section 8, rent increases must also be
reasonable in relation to comparable units, the payment standard in the
jurisdiction, and what portion of the rent the tenant can afford to pay.
- How much can I ask for a security deposit?
You can ask for as much is allowable under local law, typically one-months
rent. However, you cannot legally ask more in security deposit from a
Section 8 applicant than you would ask of any other applicant. Once you have
collected a security deposit, you will have to place the money in an
interest-bearing account. Please consult local guidelines for more details.
- How is the breakdown in rent calculated?
The housing agency will pay a check to the landlord for the difference
between the jurisdictions payment standard and tenants total payment. The
tenant would pay the difference between the total rent and the voucher
amount (which would be paid by the housing agency). Both the tenant and the
housing agency would pay their portions of the rent to you at the beginning
of every month. A delay in the housing agencys payment may be expected when
the tenant first moves into the unit. However, a prorated rent can be paid
on a mid-month move. Please contact the housing agency for more details on
when exactly you will receive payment.
- Can I refuse to rent to an individual?
You have the right to select the tenant you want for your unit using
whatever criteria you determine. However, you must not discriminate against
an individual because of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age,
familial status, or disability. In some jurisdictions, you cannot refuse to
rent to someone just because he or she has Section 8 (called course of
- Who pays for damages to the property during
Damages beyond the normal wear and tear and are tenant-related can be paid
for by the tenant. You should have a standard practice listed in the lease
as to how damages will be paid for by the tenant. After the tenant moves
out, you may take compensation for damages beyond the normal wear and tear
from the tenants security deposit.
- What if I have problems with the tenant?
If you have repeated problems with the tenant, you have the right to enforce
your lease and take the necessary actions against the tenant. Whenever you
do start proceedings against a client, you must follow local regulations.
Should you send the tenant any correspondence, such as a warning letter or a
notice to vacate, please send a copy to the local housing agency. In some
cases, the housing agency may take action against the tenant to terminate
the assistance prior to the eviction.
- What is the housing agency inspector
looking for in the inspection?
Before a tenant can move into your property, the housing agency has to
inspect the unit by the housing agency. The inspector is looking for minimum
Housing Quality Standards (called HQS) to ensure that the unit is in livable
condition. If it is not, you may be asked to make some repairs to the unit
prior to the client moving in. The housing agency cannot pay on the unit
until it passes inspection
- There cannot be any chipping or peeling paint
anywhere on the inside of the unit.
- There cannot be any chipping of peeling paint
five feet and under on the exterior of the unit.
- Cooking stove must be clean and in working
order. (Either the tenant or the owner must provide)
- Refrigerator must be clean and in working.
(Either the tenant or the owner must provide.)
- There must be an installed heating system that
- There must be hot and cold running water in
- There must be hot and cold running water in
- There must be a shower or bathtub that works.
- There must be a flush toilet that works and
does not leak.
- Bathrooms must have either a window to the
outside OR an exhaust fan.
- There must not be any plumbing leaks.
- There must not be any plugged drains. (Check
for slow drains.)
- All ground floor windows must have attached
locks and exterior doors must have locks including working deadbolts.
- All electrical outlets must have cover plates
and be in good condition.
- There must not be any missing, broken, or
- The roof must not leak. (Check the ceiling for
- The hot water heater tank MUST have a
temperature pressure relief valve with a downward discharge pipe made of
- steel or copper tubing that is 3 feet long (NO
PVC). An earthquake strap is required for all hot water heaters.
- There must be GFI outlets around all sinks.
- The floor covering cannot be torn or have
holes than can cause someone to trip.
- If there are stairs and railings, they must be
- Working smoke detectors are required in every
unit and on every level.
- The contract rent must be reasonable, based on
the rent of comparable units in the neighborhood.
|In Every Section 8
Lease Agreement, The Landlord Is Responsible For:
- Performing all management and rental
functions, including resident screening.
- Maintaining the unit in accordance with
the HUD Housing Quality Standards.
- Complying with equal opportunity
requirements and all fair housing laws applicable to the property.
- Furnishing all information required
under the Housing Assistance Payment contract.
- Paying for utilities included in the
- Collecting the following from each
Section 8 assisted family:
- Any necessary security deposit
- The tenant portion of the monthly
- Any charges for damaged caused by
get started all you have to do is look in your phone books white pages under
Government. Find your local Housing Authority, call them, and ask for Section 8.
As easy as 1-2-3.
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